What does the baby name Tarquinius mean? Learn about what Tarquinius means, its history & origin, popularity in our random name database, pronunciation, similar names, nicknames & spelling variations.

Tarquinius - Name Meaning, Origin & Popularity

Spelling of Tarquinius
T-A-R-Q-U-I-N-I-U-S, is a 10-letter male given name.
Pronunciation of Tarquinius
Meaning of Tarquinius
One who is born in tarquinia.
Origin of Tarquinius
The name 'Tarquinius' finds its roots in ancient Rome. It is derived from the Roman gens Tarquinia, a noble family that played a significant role in the early days of the Roman Republic. The name 'Tarquinius' is believed to have originated from the Etruscan language, spoken by the Etruscan civilization that predated the Roman Empire. The Etruscans were known for their influence on early Roman culture, and it is from this linguistic heritage that the name 'Tarquinius' emerged.

Earliest Known Use and Name Popularity

The earliest known use of the name 'Tarquinius' can be traced back to ancient Rome, specifically to the legendary period of the Roman Kingdom. According to Roman mythology, 'Tarquinius' Priscus, also known as Lucius 'Tarquinius' Priscus, was the fifth king of Rome. He is said to have reigned from 616 to 579 BC and played a pivotal role in the expansion and development of the city-state.

In terms of popularity, the name 'Tarquinius' experienced its heyday during the time of the Roman Empire. It was a name associated with power, nobility, and influence. However, as the Roman Empire declined and Latin gradually gave way to other languages, the name 'Tarquinius' began to fade into obscurity.
Latin Names
Popularity of Tarquinius
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Etymology of Tarquinius

To understand the etymology of the name 'Tarquinius', we must delve into the Etruscan language. Unfortunately, the Etruscan language remains largely untranslated, and our knowledge of it is limited. However, linguistic scholars have suggested that the name 'Tarquinius' may have roots in the Etruscan word 'tarχ', meaning 'to rule' or 'to govern'. This etymology aligns with the historical significance of the Tarquinian family in ancient Rome, as they were indeed rulers and governors.

Cultural Significance of Tarquinius

The name 'Tarquinius' holds particular cultural significance within the context of ancient Rome. The Tarquinian family, from which the name derives, was one of the most influential and powerful families in the early days of the Roman Republic. 'Tarquinius' Priscus, the legendary king of Rome, is remembered for his ambitious building projects and his efforts to expand Roman territory.